Multiple medalists in Summer Olympics
For many, participating in the Olympics itself is a dream come true, for some getting a medal fulfills their life and then there are those who repeat this achievement again and again. They are the multiple medalists in Olympics.
Anyone who gets more than one medal in any number of Olympic Games in any number of events has been considered as a multiple medalists for our analysis.
Multiple medalists seem most intriguing just because it seems very hard to get one medal that it is astonishing that so many have made their mark on the Olympics winning more than one. Let us analyze the multiple medalists over the period of 116 years of history. Michael Phelps (Swimming) leads the list of all time multiple medalists leaving others leagues behind with a magnificent tally of 28 medals including 24 Gold medals over 5 Olympic Games. Lariza Latynina (Gymnastics) comes second with 18 medals including 9 Gold medals.
READ MORE : Rise of China in Olympics | Host Advantage or Pressure
Here we answer 3 questions:
1.Which sport/event creates most number of multiple medal holders and why? Swimming.
The reason behind this is that good swimmers can participate in multiple events (individual and relay) and that too with different categories like 100m, 200m and subcategories like Freestyle,Breast Stroke,Butterfly stroke etc. to enhance the chances of medals. A good swimmer can get multiple medals in different events or in the same event for more than one Olympic Games. Athletics comes a distant second followed by Gymnastics.
2.Which country has the most number of multiple medalists? USA.
Being the powerhouse in Olympics, it was not surprising that USA topped the list of having most number of multiple medalists over 120 years. The rivalry between USA and Soviet Union in every field is common knowledge, so it comes as to no surprise that Soviet Union comes second and a split Russia comes fifth. Hungary with its dominance in Fencing,Canoeing,Water Polo and Modern Pentathlon comes fourth after Germany.
India is present in this list solely because of the Hockey medalists like Dhyan Chand who has scored Golds in multiple games.
3.Are Men dominating the multiple medalist tally or are women and Why? Yes.
Just because of the sheer number of men who have participated in the Olympics. In the recent times (1980-Present), more multiple medalists are women. Reason behind this being the number of woman athletes and events where women can participate have increased dramatically and number of participant countries have also increased. Interestingly, since the 80’s it is in fact there has been a higher percentage of women multiple medalists than men.
Although the competition is rising, number of countries participating in increasing over the years, the number of unique multiple medalists has also gone up.
Most likely reason being the increase in number of events in the Olympics.